Health and Fitness

What is Restless legs syndrome?

Restless Legs Syndrome is an unpleasant nerve problem that is typically characterised by unpleasant feelings within the legs with the compelling have to move the legs, generally only when attempting to rest. The strange feeling, commonly with the calves, has been described as a form of muscle cramp, soreness or perhaps a creeping, crawling sensation. Some compare the feeling to being like shooting darts of an electrical source, or perhaps invasive insects within the legs. These sensations vary in extent from uncomfortable to frustrating to painful.

The most distinctive characteristic of the problem is always that lying down and seeking to unwind brings on the sensations. Consequently, most of the people with restless legs syndrome have a problem falling asleep and also remaining asleep. Left untreated, the problem may cause tiredness as well as day time stress and fatigue.

Those with restless legs syndrome sense unpleasant sensations in their lower limbs, particularly when sitting or laying down, combined with an hard to resist desire to move about. These sensations generally take place deep within the leg, between the knee and ankle; and less often, they will appear in the foot, thighs, arms, and even the hands. Although the feelings can take place on just one side of the body, they will most often have an effect on the two sides. Since moving the lower limbs reduces the sensation, people with restless legs syndrome usually keep their lower limbs in motion to minimize or prevent the sensations. They could pace around, constantly move the lower limbs when seated, and move in bed.

Most of the sufferers find the feelings of restless legs syndrome to generally be much less obvious in the daytime and much more pronounced later in the day or at night, primarily during the start of sleep. For some people, the symptoms disappear by early morning, allowing for more refreshing sleep at that time. Other triggering situations are periods of inactivity such as long car trips, sitting in a movie theatre, long-distance flights, immobilisation in a cast, or relaxation exercises.

The cause is unknown however people with a family background of restless legs syndrome make up approximately half of the cases, and those with reduced iron levels or anaemia, chronic diseases for example kidney failure, all forms of diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, and peripheral neuropathy, plus some women that are pregnant in their last trimester and people taking particular prescription drugs seem to be more prone to to be affected by restless legs syndrome.

Restless legs syndrome  can affect anybody of any age, although the problem is more prevalent with increasing age. It happens in both genders, although the incidence may be slightly greater in women. From time to time individuals will experience spontaneous improvement over a period of weeks or months. While rare, natural improvement over a period of years could also occur. Whenever these improvements take place, it is usually while in the initial stages of the condition. In general, however, symptoms become more intense over time.

Often the clinical diagnosis of restless legs syndrome could be hard to establish. Physicians must depend generally on patients’ descriptions of symptoms and details using their health background, which includes earlier medical conditions, family history, and present prescription drugs. Patients might well be inquired about regularity, duration, and also the level of the symptoms along with their inclination to daytime sleep activities and drowsiness, interference of sleeping, or any daytime functionality. If a patient’s history of symptoms is an indication of restless legs symptoms, clinical assessments may well be performed to rule out other conditions and support the conclusion restless legs syndrome. Blood tests, tests to measure electrical signals in muscles and also nerves, and Doppler studies to measure muscle signals with the legs is often proposed. This kind of tests can easily establish any kind of accompanying injury or disorder in nerves and nerve roots or other leg-related motion dysfunctions.