Bunions are an enlargement of the big toe or hallux joint on the foot that is invariably involved with the deviation in the position of the great toe or hallux. They are very common. The bunion may or may not be painful and it hardly ever appears good and frequently creates a challenge for the fitting of footwear. They do tend to be genetic and could be the result of wearing footwear which might be too restricted. Bunions are more common in females and this may be as a result of the type of footwear. They are often painful within the joint resulting from arthritis like symptoms and they also can be painful due to pressure from the footwear on the enlarged joint.
Can exercises improve bunions? They may be able to, however they are unlikely to help make the bony enlargement go away but they might help improve the angle of the great toe or hallux a little. The best way to make the bunion go away is with surgery. No level of exercising is will make that go down. The amount of pressure creating the bunion and causing the great toe or hallux to deviate way surpasses what any exercise is going to change. However, in spite of this, the exercises which you often see advised are still probably worth doing as they will help keep your joint mobile as well as flexible which is a good thing. That increase in the range of movement of the joint should go a long way to reducing pain that frequently occurs inside the joint. The sort of bunion exercises which can be most useful are those that stretch and move the joints through its full range of motion in all directions. Sometimes exercises that can strengthen the arch muscles of the foot can also be helpful. Even when surgical procedures are used, the exercises before and after the surgery will benefit the recovery.